ZHUGE ANCIENT VILLAGE

Lanxi

Overview

Zhuge Village or Zhugebaguacun (Chinese: 诸葛村) is a historic Chinese village located in Lanxi, Zhejiang Province, 18 kilometers away from the downtown area. Originally called Gaolong (高隆), the village changed its name to Zhuge during the Ming Dynasty due to the prevalence of the Zhuge surname among the villagers. The residents claim they are the descendants of the famed Shu Han chancellor Zhuge Liang of the 3rd century CE. The village was designated a national heritage site in 1996, and contains relics which are 700 years old.

The whole village is centered by the Bell Pond. Eight lanes radiate outward from it, and form inner Octagonal Diagram. Eight hills encircle the village, representing outer Diagram. The bulk of the architecture is in Ming and Qing styles. The well-preserved folk houses and halls come to more than 200. Though the diagram weathered hundreds of years, it has still remained the layout as it used to be. In 1996, it was listed as the key cultural relic site under state protection.

The scenic area is mainly composed of Minister Ancestral Hall, Dagong Hall, Bell Pond, Tianyi Hall, etc.

Architecture

The architectural composition of Zhuge Village is very rare and peculiar. Buildings are arranged in an orderly fashion, according to the bagua prinicples of feng shui, earning it the title of Zhuge Bagua Village. The buildings are imposing and majestic structures. The unique skyline of the village was designed to commemorate Zhuge Liang by a descendant during the Southern Song dynasty, Zhuge Dashi (诸葛大狮).

The village was designed by Zhuge Dashi, 27th descendants of Zhuge Liang, following the design of Octagonal Diagram. This layout was used because Zhuge Liang once applied the theory of Octagonal Diagram to military formation, which was very effective in defeating enemies.

Bagua

The bagua (Chinese: 八卦; literally: “eight symbols”), or pal gwae, are eight trigrams used in daoist cosmology to represent the fundamental principles of reality, seen as a range of eight interrelated concepts. Each consists of three lines, each line either “broken” or “unbroken,” respectively representing yin or yang. Due to their tripartite structure, they are often referred to as “trigrams” in English.

The trigrams are related to taiji philosophy, taijiquan and the wu xing, or “five elements”. The relationships between the trigrams are represented in two arrangements, the Primordial (先天八卦), “Earlier Heaven” or “Fu Xi” bagua (伏羲八卦), and the Manifested (後天八卦), “Later Heaven,” or “King Wen” bagua. The trigrams have correspondences in astronomy, astrology, geography, geomancy, anatomy, the family, and elsewhere.

Zhuge Liang

Zhuge Liang (181 – 234), courtesy name Kongming, was a chancellor (or prime minister) of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. He is recognized as the most accomplished strategist of his era, and has been compared to Sun Tzu, the author of The Art of War.

Often depicted wearing a Taoist robe and holding a hand fan made of crane feathers. Zhuge Liang was an important military strategist, statesman and accomplished scholar and inventor. His reputation as an intelligent and learned scholar grew even while he was living in relative seclusion, earning him the nickname “Wolong” or “Fulong” (both literally mean “Crouching Dragon”).

Zhuge is an uncommon two-character Chinese compound family name. His name – even his surname alone – has become synonymous with intelligence and strategy in Chinese culture